References and resources
All Wales Child Protection Procedures Review Group (2012) All Wales Protocol: The management of young people engaged in sexually harmful behaviour (PDF) [Accessed 29/08/18].
Barnardo's (2016) Now I know it was wrong: report of the parliamentary inquiry into support and sanctions for children who display harmful sexual behaviour (PDF). Barkingside, Essex: Barnardo's.
Belton, E. (2017) Turn the Page: manualised treatment programme: final evaluation report. [London]: NSPCC.
Brook (2018) The sexual behaviours traffic light tool. [Accessed 13/08/2018].
Champion, S. (2016) National action plan for preventing child abuse and violence in teenage relationships (PDF). [London]: Sarah Champion MP.
Department for Education (DfE) (2018a) Keeping children safe in education: statutory guidance for schools and colleges (PDF). London: Department for Education.
Department for Education (DfE) (2018b) Sexual violence and sexual harassment between children in schools and colleges (PDF). London: Department for Education.
Department of Education (2017) Safeguarding and child protection in schools: a guide for schools (PDF). Belfast: Department of Education.
Department of Health, Social Services and Public Safety (2017) Co-operating to safeguard children and young people in Northern Ireland. Belfast: Department of Health.
Erooga, M. and Masson, H. (2006) Children and young people with sexually harmful or abusive behaviours: underpinning knowledge, principles, approaches and service provision. In: Erooga, M. and Masson, H. (eds.) Children and young people who sexually abuse others: current developments and practice responses. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.
Hackett, S (2014). Children and young people with harmful sexual behaviours. London: Research in Practice.
Hackett, S (2010). Children, young people and sexual violence. In Barter, C and Berridge, D (eds) Children behaving badly? exploring peer violence between children and young people. London: Blackwell Wiley.
Hackett, S. et al (2013) Individual, family and abuse characteristics of 700 British child and adolescent sexual abusers. Child Abuse Review, 22 (4): 232–245.
Hackett, S., Branigan, P. and Holmes, D. (2019) Operational framework for children and young people displaying harmful sexual behaviours. Second Edition. London: NSPCC.
Hollis, V. (2017) The profile of the children and young people accessing an NSPCC service for harmful sexual behaviour: summary report. [London]: NSPCC.
Hollis, V. and Belton, E. (2017) Children and young people who engage in technology-assisted harmful sexual behaviour; a study of their behaviours, backgrounds and characteristics. [London]: NSPCC.
Home Office (2018) Guidance on part 2 of the Sexual Offences Act 2003. London: Home Office.
House of Commons Women and Equalities Committee (2016) Sexual harassment and sexual violence in schools: third report of session 2016–17 (PDF). [London]: House of Commons.
Mickshik, J. and Sam, H. (2016) The gift: a guide to treating children and young people with problematic sexual behaviour. NOTA news, 78: 11-12.
National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) (2016) Harmful sexual behaviour among children and young people. [London]: National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE).
Rich, P. (2011) Understanding, assessing and rehabilitating juvenile sexual offenders. 2nd edn. New Jersey: Wiley.
Ringrose, J. et al (2012) A qualitative study of children, young people and 'sexting': a report prepared for the NSPCC (PDF). London: NSPCC.
Rogers, E. (2016) A serene setting to address harmful sexual behaviour. Children and young people now, 19 July-1 August: 20-22.
Scottish Government (2010) National guidance - under-age sexual activity (PDF). Edinburgh: The Scottish Government.
Scottish Government (2014) National guidance for child protection in Scotland. Edinburgh: The Scottish Government.
Walker, L. and Laugharne, C. (2016) Helping children to learn about safer sexual behaviour: taking steps to safety: a guide book. London: Speechmark.
Welsh Assembly Government (2007) Safeguarding children: working together under the Children Act 2004 (PDF). Cardiff: Welsh Assembly Government.
Welsh Government (2018) Social Services and Wellbeing (Wales) Act 2014: codes of practice and statutory guidance. [Accessed 10/08/18].
Yoder, J. and Ruch, D. (2016) A qualitative investigation of treatment components for families of youth who have sexually offended. Journal of Sexual Aggression, 22 (2): 192-205.
Our elearning courses can help develop your understanding of how to protect children from abuse.
Managing sexualised behaviour in schools
Support for children and young people
Childline provides information and advice for young people about healthy and unhealthy relationships.
Read our learning from case reviews briefing about harmful sexual behaviour.
For further reading about harmful sexual behaviour, search the NSPCC Library catalogue using the keyword "harmful sexual behaviour".
If you need more specific information, please contact our Information Service.
Related NSPCC resources
Read our research briefing about harmful sexual behaviour.
Read our report about the profile of the children and young people accessing an NSPCC service for harmful sexual behaviour.
Read our report about sexually harmful behaviour in young children and the link to maltreatment in early childhood.
Read our report about provision for young people who have displayed harmful sexual behaviour.
Read our harmful sexual behaviour framework
Read our review of the research on children and young people who display harmful sexual behaviour online.
Read our report about children and young people who engage in technology-assisted harmful sexual behaviour.
Read our research about children, young people and sexting
Read our guidance for the health sector about HSB
Read our harmful sexual behaviour statistics briefing