Each nation of the UK has curriculum guidance which sets out how schools should educate children and young people about healthy relationships.
In England, the Department for Education (DfE) has published statutory guidance about how Relationships Education, Relationships and Sex Education (RSE) and Health Education should be implemented in all schools by 2020. Schools are encouraged to adopt the new curriculum early from September 2019 (DfE, 2019a).
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The DfE has also published guides that primary and secondary schools can use to explain RSE to parents (DfE, 2019b).
The House of Commons Library provides answers to frequently asked questions about RSE in schools in England (House of Commons Library, 2019).
In Northern Ireland, relationships and sexuality education is taught as part of Personal Development and Mutual Understanding in primary schools, part of the Personal Development and Home Economics statements of requirement for Key Stage 3 and as a statutory component of the Personal Development strand of Learning for Life and Work at Key Stage 4. The Council for the Curriculum, Examinations and Assessment provides guidance on what should be included at each level (CCEA, 2019).
In Scotland, Relationships, sexual health, and parenthood (RSHP) education is part of Health and wellbeing; one of eight curriculum areas of Curriculum for Excellence, introduced in August 2010 for 13- to 18-year-olds. A RSHP resource is being developed by RSHP Scotland (2019).
The Curriculum for Wales 2022 will include an area of learning and experience on health and wellbeing, which covers topics including recognising harmful relationships. The Welsh Government has published draft curriculum guidance (Welsh Government, 2019).